The Facts about Face Tingling
There are many different possible causes of face tingling. Each cause is the result of some sort of irritation, trauma, or impingement to one of the major nerves which traverse the face and head. Face tingling can be caused by cervical nerves, C1-C4, the trigeminal nerve, ophthalmic nerve, maxillary nerve and mandibular nerve. It can also be caused by the sections of the spinal cord, brainstem or brain.
These nerves can be affected by neurological diseases, spinal disorders, infections, epilepsy, atherosclerosis and vascular disorders, metabolic changes, injuries, tumors and other diseases and conditions.
One of the most common causes of face tingling and numbness is herpes zoster, more commonly known as the shingles. The chicken pox virus remains in the roots of the cervical and trigeminal nerves and can be reactivated anytime in adulthood. The condition usually causes a band of red patches to form along a nerve with very painful blisters which crust over.
The infection can appear on the face, scalp or other parts of the torso, such as around the side or under the breasts on women. Face tingling and numbness are often present and sometimes are the only symptoms. Many times after the shingles have passed, there are areas of numbness that remain or pain and face tingling which continues throughout life.
Another infection that causes face tingling also has a rash, and that is Lyme disease. It’s a bacterial infection which is carried by ticks. Animals, especially dogs, are prone to the disease from tick bites, but it is also experienced by humans. There is tingling and/or numbness in the face, facial muscle paralysis, fever, fatigue, joint pain, eye and even heart problems.
Face tingling can have another cause, trigeminal neuralgia, which is a nerve disorder experienced by adults. No one knows for sure why it occurs. There is a numbness, tingling and/or burning on the side of the face. The only thing that is known is that the nerve response is triggered by an action, such as shaving, brushing your teeth, the wind, speaking, chewing or laughing.
Another form of face tingling, trigeminal neurophatic pain, can appear after surgery, dental procedures, trauma, stroke or diabetes. Along with the face tingling, there is burning pain.
Other diseases that can cause face tingling are multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, Guillain-Barre syndrome (affects immune system after food poisoning), and Tabes Dorsalis, a complication caused by syphilis which has gone untreated for a long period of time.
Face tingling, as well as numbness in extremities, fear, faintness, and trembling are also symptoms of anxiety and panic attack. Face tingling is also associated with food allergies, particularly shellfish, stroke and TIA (transitional ischemic attack), and angina pectoris (heart not receiving enough oxygen).
If you experience face tingling, you could have a swelling of arteries, called vasculitis, a spinal cord or head injury, and an abscess or tumor, such as the kind which causes cancers. Metabolic disorders, such as abnormal vitamin levels, low blood sugar levels, uremia and others, can be the cause, as can various medications, toxins and drugs.
Face tingling and numbness can come from migraines, fibromyalgia, bone and joint disorders, disorders of the blood, and dozens of other diseases, from Denny-Brown‘s syndrome to rabies.
If you have face tingling that persists for more than a couple of days, it would be smart to get a doctor’s appointment to get it checked out. As you can see, there are many minor causes as well as major ones. While the condition itself is uncomfortable, it could be the symptom of a disease which needs treatment.